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War in Syria - When will this stop?

The war in Syria has been raging for almost seven years - and there is still no end in sight.

This is also because tens of different actors are involved in the conflict.

Many smaller trouble spots form such a big war.

A hardened diplomat can not be impressed, because the photos and videos can be so cruel and bloody. Vasili Nebensja, representing Moscow at the United Nations in New York, describes the reports that have been in progress for days about the great dying in the Syrian rebel stronghold of East Ghouta and the photos of the women and children killed in air strikes simply as coordinated rumors and propaganda catastrophic scenarios ". Basta.

Or he immediately speaks of "delusions" of the world public. Russia's new "Mister Njet" in the UN Security Council did not want to hear anything about the fact that civilians are dying and killed in the fighting of the Assad regime against the rural rebel stronghold on the outskirts of Damascus, even before the next Syria vote by the world's most important body apparently even clinics are targeted bombed. Original sound Nebensja: "It gives the impression as if the entire Eastern Ghouta from hospitals, and only shoots on the Syria's army." This, according to the Moscow diplomat, runs for him under the term "information warfare".

It has been reported for days about the bloodbath that is causing Syria's ruler, Bashar al-Assad, at the gates of his capital, and as the crow flies, less than ten kilometers from his palace on a ridge. Far more than 400 people are said to have been killed this week alone, countless injured. Chancellor Angela Merkel spoke of a "massacre" and the "fight of a regime not against terrorists, but against its own people". This is the situation: Syrian and allegedly Russian jets and helicopters bombard themselves from the air. On the ground, the artillery of the regime shoots the wildly raised towns in eastern Ghouta ready for the storm.

A ground offensive is to follow. Assad's "Tiger" Division, a notorious elite unit of the army, is gathering; a tiger-general, also known for his brutality, announces "to teach people in the rebel area a lesson they will not forget." The fact that the officer means only the rebels entrenched in East Ghouta, who are for the most part hard-core Islamists, must be doubted: the regime does not differentiate between fighters and civilians, between supporters of the insurgents and those who can not ward off neither the army nor the rebels ,

This is the starting point on which the UN Security Council again tried on Friday evening to enforce at least a 30-day ceasefire for East Ghouta. Then the injured could be brought to safety and the hungry civilians could be provided with food, while the diplomats in and outside the Security Council seek solutions.

Attack on one's own population: A man tries to bring a child to safety in Hamouria, east of Damascus.

Bombs have been falling on the region just outside the gates of the Syrian capital for days.

A convoy is burning in the Afrin region near the Turkish border, where civilians have also left the Kurdish region - allegedly bombarded by Turkish forces.

Funeral in Kafr Batna, East Ghouta: The fighting in Syria could go on for years to come.

It's about many minor conflicts that are hidden in the one big war

Only - that does not bring peace to Syria after seven years. It is not just about the fate of the 400,000 people in East Ghouta, the Syrian war will not end with the foreseeable fall of the rebel stronghold. It is also about the besieged bastions of the insurgents in the province of Idlib on the border with Turkey, where many hundreds of thousands of refugees live between the insurgents. It is about the rebel base Deraa on the border with Jordan.

It is about the embattled Kurdish region of Afrin, in which meanwhile the Turkish army is also bombing; Hundreds of Turkish elite police officers in the city of Afrin are now to be deployed there in a house fight against the Kurds. "God willing, you will fulfill your duties and return home healthy," said a senior Turkish police officer in Ankara about 150 men adopted, reports the newspaper Hürriyet  online.

In short, it is about many smaller conflicts that hide in the one big war, overlap, fuel each other. So which statesman, which power or which supranational organization could still make peace possible in Syria in the foreseeable future? Does this war end in one, five or ten years? Afghanistan has been fighting for four decades. The civil war in Lebanon came to a conclusion only 15 years later , without really ending: the old conflicts between the ethnic and religious groups determine and paralyze Lebanese politics until today.


Such wars are all the less likely to end because so many civil structures break up in the conflicts. Thus, the state becomes an empty shell in which various groups pursue their political, economic and military interests.

The civil war in Syria began in the spring of 2011 after the initially peaceful demonstrations in the wake of the Arab Spring as a rebellion against Assad. After hundreds of thousands of dead and millions displaced, however, he is far more than the struggle between an unpopular ruler and dissatisfied sections of his people. It has changed into a regionally radiating conflict between entire population and religious groups. At the same time, state actors such as the Assad regime and non-state forces and groups such as the terrorist organizations al-Qaeda, the Islamic State or non-state militia are fighting with their YPG troupes like the Syrian Kurds.

All the more fatal that some of these forces are alternately opponents or followers of powerful neighboring states such as Turkey, Israel, Iran or even by major powers such as the US and Russia (see below) . In the near future, the situation between the neighboring countries involved or the participating regional and major powers could escalate: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recently threatened Iran with war; An Israeli fighter plane had been shot down in an Israeli air raid on an Iranian position in Syria.

Israel does not want the archenemies Iran and Hezbollah to create another base and a staging area in Syria to Lebanon. Iran, on the other hand, is resolutely building a land bridge between the Islamic Republic itself and Iraq, Syria and Lebanon: Tehran will not be so easily deterred from strengthening its leverage towards Israel. Turkey, for its part, does not tolerate the strengthening of Kurdish autonomy in the neighboring country because it itself has a highly explosive Kurdish problem. That is why she is now at war in Syria.

Assad will go to war until he controls every inch of the country again

Even more weighty outsiders are also shooting: In a US air raid near the city of Deir al-Sour to have killed up to 100 fighters of the Russian mercenary army "Wagner"; this fight in the unofficial Kremlin order against Kurdish units and against the IS. Improving the US-Russian relationship does not mean that the Americans arm the YPG Kurds and side them with 2,000 US soldiers. Officially, their presence is justified by the fight against the "Islamic State". The US troops are also recognizable as an instrument against the growing influence of Iran.

In Syria alone has been the law of the strongest for seven years. And stronger recently was the Assad regime, fueled by the Russians and Iranians. It has pushed the rebels more and more into the corner in recent months. But they are not defeated yet, there are too many interests of other powers. It would have to find a formula that would somehow bring the interests of the warring parties to a status quo.

But how? One solution is still a long way off. How far, shows the fact that Assad insulted today all insurgents simply as "terrorists". Loudly he sounds in his presidential palace, he will go to war until he has brought "every inch" of the country back under his rule - a monstrous indication that the murder could go on for years.



Since 2011 , fighting has been going on in Syria. Since Monday, people in Ghouta have been bombarded without interruption. In 48 hours there were 250 dead. From a war that has already been forgotten by many.

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